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History of Roulette

Roulette has been around for more than three hundred years now. Lots of people have been mesmerized by this game, and it is expected that millions more will be patrons of this game, as more casinos are being built around the globe.

But considering the popularity of the roulette, only few people know where it started, and how it came to be the most favorite game in the casino.

American roulette is not the same as European roulette. The American variety has 38 pockets (with a zero, and a double zero), and the European has 37 (with one zero). Roulette is actually French words that mean "little wheel".

Early versions of the game had first appeared in Europe in the seventeenth and eighteenth century. It is believed that Blaise Pascal, the well-known French mathematician and scientist had invented the method in 1657, during the experiment of motion devices.

The first ever record of a spinning-ball-and-rotating-wheel game being played is in 1720, and this game was called as roly poly. In 1739 and 1740, the ruling of the Gaming Acts in England banned roly poly and other games.

To outlaw the Gaming Acts, Beau Nash had launched EO, or much better-known as even - odd; this feature is a much simpler version of the game. Incidentally, this game was also banned in 1745.

During the next fifty years, the game developed into the game that is in our midst today.

The more upbeat wheel had appeared during 1796 in the casinos of Paris. The roulette wheel that appeared in the Paris casinos is very similar to the wheel of today, but the only difference is the color of the zero and double zero.

This roulette wheel is what had reached America through the Europeans in New Orleans during the first years of the 1800's.

There are some proprietors that are not contented with the 5.26 house edge. They have designed wheels with thirty one pockets. This wheel has one to twenty eight numbers with zero and double zero and they only pay twenty-six to one.

With this development, the people had lost interest in playing the game, because of unfair payouts.

Meanwhile, two French brothers, Louis and Frank Blanc of France, had left their home country and decided to set up a gaming house in Homburg, Bavaria, now known as Germany.

The roulette wheel was designed with new single zero, with a 2.70 percent edge, compared to zero-double-zero's 5.26 percent house edge, and it became an instant favorite.

When Germany had banned gambling, Louis Blanc had later accepted the invitation of the Prince Charles III of Monaco.

With the cost of 2 million Francs, Louis Blanc was permitted to launch, and operate, a superb casino that set the standards in all of Europe.

Though the zero and the double zero had originated in France, it is called the American wheel, because the this style of wheel has survived in America.

Over the years, since its inception on the market, the game has continued to increase its popularity, to this day.